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Anatolian Seljuk Mosque, Turkey

The origin of the word ‘tile’ comes from Persian noun phrase ‘Çin-I’ which means tiles manufactured in the Chinese style. The same word has been used in Turkish for glazed patterns or coloured panels. Tile art, that has a great importance in traditional Turkish art, has developed over several centuries. Tiles are widely used in the architecture of many Turkish, monuments, as well as other states in Asia.

Turkish settlement of Anatolia intensified after the Battle of Manzikert in 1071. The Seljuk commander Kutalmışoğlu Süleyman Şah extended his conquests in Anatolia westward, taking Iznik from Byzantium in 1075. He made Iznik his capital and announced the independence of the Anatolian Seljuk state, which lasted until 1318, when the Ilkhanids wiped out the last Anatolian Seljuk sultanate.

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